This paper involves the design and
simulation of 16 bit microprocessor architecture on
FPGA using VHDL. Significant features such as the ,
increased speed ,minimal implementation real-estate,
reduction in power and maximum configurability are
provided by several FPGAs. Where earlier a design
may have included 6 to 10 ASICs, but today the same
design can be achieved using only single FPGA.VHDL
is used in order to programme FPGA.VHDL is very
High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware Description
Language. This model actually represents the textual
description of a hardware design or a piece of design
which, when simulated mimics the design behaviour
.The processor contains a number of basic modules.
These modules are register array of 8X16 bit register,
an ALU, shift register, program counter , an
instruction register ,an address register, a comparator
and control unit. All of these units or modules are
assembled together and communicate through a
common 16 bit tristate data bus.
Register transfer level, Reduced instruction set computer(RISC), Very high speed integrated circuit(VHSIC) hardware description language , Arithmetic logic unit(ALU), Field programmable gate array(FPGA).