A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study on the Prevalence of Depression amongst Controlled and Uncontrolled Hypertension patients in Legazpi


Authors : Olayemi Olaoluwa Achiever Temitope; Lingineni Divya; Mattaparthi Viddhyasagar; Jennappagari Harini; Metta Sai Monica; Shaik Mohammed Ashraf Basha; Shabeeh Zehra; Verma Kavita; Suddula Uday; Regoti Manisha; Biranwar Nilesh Radheshyam; Leoncio Carmina MD

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 9 - September

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3RdxnwJ

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7108814

Mental and physical health of a human is related in diverse ways. Depression which is a deviation from the normal mental state is associated with different diseases. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of depression amongst Controlled and Uncontrolled Hypertension patients in Legazpi, Albay Municipal, Philippines. Sixty (60) controlled and uncontrolled hypertension patients using a confidence interval of 90%, were selected to complete the Hospital and Anxiety Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory which had different scoring for depression symptoms. Out of the 60participants, 20 (33.3%) were males while 40 (66.7%) were females. The age of the oldest participant was 70 while the age of the youngest participant was 21. From this study, prevalence of depression for the total population (60)according to HADS was 29 (48.3%) while according to Beck Depression Inventory the prevalence of depression was 35 (58.3%) which was similar to the result gotten from a previous study carried out in Andkhoy, Afghanistan [Hamrahet al,2018]. Prevalence of depression among controlled hypertension population (32), was 37.4% of this population and prevalence for uncontrolled hypertension (28) was 82.2% of the uncontrolled hypertension patients. Multiple variables were used for this analysis and factors shown to be associated with depression from this study include female gender, little or lack of exercise and history of previous myocardial infarction. This study showed that depression is highly prevalent among uncontrolled hypertension patients, although it could also occur in controlled hypertension patient. More studies are needed nationwide and worldwide to be able to aid the increase in strategies that could help in prevention and control of depression and other mental illnesses in the Philippines and in other parts of the world. A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study on the Prevalence of Depression amongst Controlled and Uncontrolled Hypertension patients

Keywords : Depression, Hypertension, Controlled and Uncontrolled Hypertension, Prevalence, Cross-Sectional, Controlled Hypertension, Uncontrolled Hypertension, Legazpi, Bicol Christian College of Medicine (BCCM)

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