A Cross-Sectional Study of Ocular Injuries in an Industrial Hospital of Chhattisgarh

Authors : Dr. Neha Singh Chauhan; Dr.Jayashree Pradhan; Dr.Chitra Sunov; Dr.Anuj Singh

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 8 - August

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/2GhgB10

DOI : 10.38124/IJISRT20AUG693

No doubt ‘sight’ is the best gift of life from God. Although scientific advancement of 21st. Century has developed many artificial organs for human body but an artificial eye that can see is not developed yet. The ocular injury doesn’t lead to death but the consequence in terms of visual impairment or blindness, snatches the zeal to live life. Bhilai, being the industrial area, the load of ocular injuryis quite high. Keeping in view, this study was planned to assess the ocular injury cases of this region. This cross-sectional study was conducted in department of Ophthalmology of Jawaharlal Nehru Hospital and research centre, Bhilai. Total 250 cases of ocular injury came to hospital during 1st August 2016 to July 2017 were assessed for age, sex as well as industrial and non-industrial distribution of ocular injuries. Ocular injuries were commonest in the age group 20-29 years (29.2%) and majority of patients were males 75.2% whereas females were 24.8%. Industrial ocular injuries were 18% among that iron chip is the commonest cause 7.6%. However, majority of ocular cases were non industrial 82% and the main mode were domestic injuries and casual accidents 43.6% The first three decades of life are more vulnerable to ocular trauma especially in males because of more exposure to outdoor life. Better compliance with Factories Act, 1948 is the reason of lower incidence of industrial associated ocular injuries in the study denoting safe working environment of this region.

Keywords : Ocular Injury, Trauma, Vision.


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