The aims of this study are as follows: (1) To assess
the prevalence of hypothyroidism among antenatal
mothers. (2) To find out the factors associated with
Hypothyroidism among antenatal mothers and (3) To find
the association between the prevalence of hypothyroidism
and socio-demographic factors with their selected sociodemographic variables.
Materials and Methods: Study approach- This was a
descriptive survey and follows the study design as cross
sectional descriptive research. The population involved in
this study was antenatal mothers visiting various Hospitals
of Bagalkot district. Samples are antenatal mothers
visiting antenatal department of HSK Hospital and
Research Centre, Bagalkot. Sample size is 100 (Total)
antenatal mothers were included in the study. Further
data were collected by structured questionnaire.
Results: After data collection, the data are organized and
analyzed with the help of mean, median and percentage. A
total of 100 antenatal mothers were included in the study
44% antenatal mothers had TSH values more than
between 4-6 µIU/ml, among these 20 antenatal mothers
had TSH value above 5.50 µIU/ml and were diagnosed
with hypothyroidism during pregnancy. 80% of antenatal
mothers were found euthyroid during pregnancy and 20%
of antenatal mothers having prevalence of hypothyroidism
Conclusion: After thorough analysis of the data,
researcher concluded that there is prevalence of
hypothyroidism (20%) among antenatal mothers at HSK
Hospital and Research centre of Bagalkot, Karnataka.
This study recommends that early screening of
hypothyroidism may be desirable in our country, in early
identification of hypothyroidism in pregnancy.
Keywords : Prevalence, Hypothyroidism, Associated Factors, Antenatal Mothers, Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH).