A Review of Agricultural Policy in Egypt

Authors : Moataz Eliw

Volume/Issue : Volume 4 - 2019, Issue 12 - December

Google Scholar : https://goo.gl/DF9R4u

Scribd : https://bit.ly/36EH7K4

Agricultural policy is considered of the most important national economic policies through which the country can achieve the goal of improving the level of national agricultural income thus the economic and social standards for workers in the agricultural sector in particular, and the whole population in general. Since the 1980s of last century, the Egyptian economy has been witnessing radical changes that led to major and direct impacts on Egypt's agricultural sector. Such changes continue to have many impacts that interact together and lead to radical changes in agricultural development and the future of Egyptian agriculture. It is worth mentioning that Egypt embarked on implementing economic reform policies in 1987 by undertaking a number of measures that aims to achieve liberalization of the agricultural sector, such as adopting indicative planning of cropping pattern rather than central planning, in addition to activating the role of market mechanisms in directing economic resources towards optimal use, especially in regard to allocating investments among different production branches in the national economy, referred to as Structural adjustment. In the framework of structural adjustment program, these policies have directly and indirectly influenced agricultural price policy variables by influencing such main factors or variables affecting profit, namely yield or productivity of the acre, farmgate price per produced unit and the producing cost per acre, which directly affect the relative profitability of the produced crops thus farmers' preference to grow crops that generate high profitability.

Keywords : Agricultural Policy, Economic Reform Programs, Egypt.


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