Preventable medical adverse events are a serious concern for healthcare. Medication errors form a significant part of these concerns and it is evident that these errors can have serious consequences such as death or disability.
Many medication errors are a consequence of information failure. Therefore, to prevent such adverse events, the associated information flow must be understood. This research used a systematic review methodology to conduct an analysis of medication error as a result of information failure. Its aim was to suggest solutions on reducing information induced medication errors.
Medication errors are common in general practice in hospitals. Both errors in the act of writing and prescribing faults due to erroneous medical decisions can result in harm to patients. Any step in the prescribing process can generate errors, slips, lapses or mistakes as unintended omission in transcription of drugs. Faults in dose selection, omitted transcription, and poor handwriting are common. an unsafe working environment, complex or undefined procedures, and inadequate communication between the healthcare professionals can contribute to prescription errors.
Recommendations given in the study aimed at reducing prescription errors. Review of prescriptions, which can be performed with the assistance of hospital pharmacists along with periodic audits in the department is helpful.