A Study on Bioluminescence and its Impact on Medical Science


Authors : Promashree Chakraborty; Arunava Saha; Debasmita Chanda

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 6 - June

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3osOw9O

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6893167

Production and emission of light by any living organisms is called bioluminescence. Bioluminescence comes from a range of reds, greens and blues caused by proteins and majorly studied bioluminescent often found in marine animals, mushrooms, insects, algae and specific types of bacteria. These types of creatures are usually found in ocean habitats, in the season of monsoon, or in the surface of deep-sea floor. As per researchers, bioluminescence can develop various new treatments to - understand the damaged cells of Alzheimer patients, neurological diseases, detection of blood clots, track the spread of HIV and fight Cancer. Before bioluminescence helped H.I.V researchers to track the virus, the same type of work was done with radioactive materials but the technique was expensive and hazardous. Luciferase - the enzyme that cause bioluminescence are more sensitive and amenable, it also requires fewer precautions to use in labs. Many people are yet to be aware that bioluminescence can treat these diseases in a much less hazardous and cost-effective way. So, this paper is going to help the common mass to know about bioluminescence, it's benefit, treatments it can do.

Keywords : bioluminescence, luciferin, HIV, Cancer, Alzheimer's, Green, Marine creatures.

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