A Study on the changes in Standard of Living among the Slum Resettlers in Perumbakkam, Chennai


Authors : R Jacob Steyns; Dr. Sudharsan

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 7 - July

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3QOpnCH

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7003834

Abstract : - The slum re settlers are those who resettled from the banks of river to the resettlement colony at perumbakkam because of development induced displacement resettlement. There will be a lot changes in their livelihood capitals when compared to the host place before resettlement. Also the standard of living determines their quality of life in the resettlement colony and the adapting livelihood strategies that they practice to improve or maintain their livelihood and also the new challenges additionally the external factors also affects their livelihood immensely. In this context, the researchers aims to study the standard of living of the people after the resettlement. The researcher has used mixed method research approach with sequential explanatory design and used interview schedule to collect data from eighty respondents for quantitative and focus group discussion guide & Key informant guide for Qualitative. The main findings include that after resettlement the standard of living has been decreased due to the less adapting livelihood strategy by the slum resettlers and the livelihood assets has been diminished. This also conclude that because of less adapting livelihood strategies the respondents were only able to maintain the livelihood despite the practice of livelihood diversification and no raise in the standard of living when compared to the data of before resettlement. The suggestion would be to the government to focus on the human capital of the livelihood to enhance the knowledge and skill of the slum resettlers to adapt to the condition in the positive way to raise their standard of living. The enhancement of human capital is the base to improve in other livelihood capitals.

Keywords : adapting strategies, livelihood capitals, livelihood diversification, standard of living

- The slum re settlers are those who resettled from the banks of river to the resettlement colony at perumbakkam because of development induced displacement resettlement. There will be a lot changes in their livelihood capitals when compared to the host place before resettlement. Also the standard of living determines their quality of life in the resettlement colony and the adapting livelihood strategies that they practice to improve or maintain their livelihood and also the new challenges additionally the external factors also affects their livelihood immensely. In this context, the researchers aims to study the standard of living of the people after the resettlement. The researcher has used mixed method research approach with sequential explanatory design and used interview schedule to collect data from eighty respondents for quantitative and focus group discussion guide & Key informant guide for Qualitative. The main findings include that after resettlement the standard of living has been decreased due to the less adapting livelihood strategy by the slum resettlers and the livelihood assets has been diminished. This also conclude that because of less adapting livelihood strategies the respondents were only able to maintain the livelihood despite the practice of livelihood diversification and no raise in the standard of living when compared to the data of before resettlement. The suggestion would be to the government to focus on the human capital of the livelihood to enhance the knowledge and skill of the slum resettlers to adapt to the condition in the positive way to raise their standard of living. The enhancement of human capital is the base to improve in other livelihood capitals.

Keywords : adapting strategies, livelihood capitals, livelihood diversification, standard of living

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