A Study to Assess the Quality of Life of Patients with Osteoarthritis in a Selected Hospital, Coimbatore, with a View to Develop an Informational Booklet


Authors : Santhipriya Msc(N); Harihara Sudan MPT (Neuro); Grena Msc(N); Priscilla Msc(N); Dr.Nalini (PhD)

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 10 - October

Google Scholar : https://tinyurl.com/2p5n6335

Scribd : https://tinyurl.com/55zmnpp6

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10047154

Background and objectives: In today's health care, the quality of life is of the utmost significance. Osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative illness that can have a serious impact on many facets of quality of life. Assessment of patient is the basis of nursing process and it is the integral part of nursing care. To make more accurate and practical intervention choices, healthcare professionals must be aware of the patients' quality of life and the aspects of that quality of life that are being influenced. In this situation, the researcher's goal is to determine which areas of a patient's life are most impacted by osteoarthritis. In this context, the researcher’s quest is to assess which domains of life are most affected in a patient with Osteoarthritis based on which the researcher intends to develop an information booklet regarding the disease and management aspect of Osteoarthritis .T he objectives of this study were: to assess the quality of life of patients with Osteoarthritis To determine the association between quality of life and selected baseline variables.Methods: Descriptive research design was used for the study. The setting selected was the Orthopedic OPD of KGH, Coimbatore. 90 subjects with the diagnosis of Osteoarthritis were selected for the study using convenience sampling technique. Structured interview technique was used to collect baseline information sheet data and WHOQoL BREF questionnaire was used to assess the quality of life of subjects with Osteoarthritis. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.Results : The results showed that 51% had rated their quality of life as poor and 55.56% were dissatisfied with their health. Social domain was the least affected and physical domain the strongly affected. The most affected facet score in physical domain was mobility, psychological domain was body image and appearance, social domain was social support and sexual activity and environmental domain was financial resources. The subjects rating of quality of life was found to be lesser compared to their satisfaction for health(mean= be 2.27 ,SD = 0.90).The mean of overall domain scores wasfound to be 216.43(SD= 40.10) which showed that, on an average the QoL of patient as fairly good on WHOQOL BREF , as higher the scores, better the QoL. There is significant association between overall domain scores and baseline variables such as religion, family history, treatment undertaken and treatment undergoing. The physical, social and psychological domain scores showed a significant association with religion, treatment undertaken and undergoing. Physical domain and environmental domain scores showed a significant association with education. Physical, social and environmental domain scores showed a significant association with family history. A significant association was also found between psychological domain scores and occupation. There was also a significant association between subjects rating of quality of life and satisfaction of health and variables like education and monthly income.

Keywords : Osteoarthritis, Quality of Life, Informational Booklet, Domains, WHOQoL.

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