Adherence to Medications and Self-Care Management among Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients in a Liberian Tertiary Hospital

Authors : George Flayflay SORBOR; Joshua T. PETERS, Jr; Emmanuel Agada DAVID; James Freeman GARWAY; Keturah C. SMITH

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 11 - November

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Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex clinical syndrome that requires a high standard of quality self-care behavior. Self-care behavior involves attending regular medical check-ups and adherence to medications and lifestyle changes. This study aimed to assess T2DM patients’ adherence to anti-diabetic medications and Self-care i.e., diet, exercise, selfmonitoring blood glucose (SMBG) and foot care.Fortyfour T2DM patients were purposively recruited for this cross-sectional study. The adherence level of T2dm patients was assess using a standard three-part questionnaire. The data collated was analyzed by simple descriptive frequency.The results showed more females and city dwellers. Most of the respondents forgot to take their medications and had erratic medications and lifestyle adherence. Most of the participants were not adherent to foot care and did not practice SMBG.Enhancing patients’ adherence through diabetes education will improve lifestyle changes which are in turn necessary to improve self-management.

Keywords : Diabetes mellitus;Blood pressure; Lifestyle changes; medication adherence, Self-monitoring blood glucose; foot care.


Paper Submission Last Date
31 - December - 2021

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