Advancements in Pulmonary Disease Management and Coexisting Conditions

Authors : Dr. Saad Ali; Dr. Sarah Anwar; Dr. Irsa Hidayat; Dr. Faiza Khatoon; Dr. Ahsan Ali; Dr. Mashal Tamsil; Dr. Muhammad Latif

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 10 - October

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Objective: By comparing the presence of medical departments and the accessibility of diagnostic tools, the main goal of this study is to evaluate and contrast the healthcare services provided by MMC and DHQ. It also seeks to examine patient referral trends with regard to gender and destination (MMC or PESH). The study looks for differences in referral patterns and healthcare access across the two medical centers. Methods: Before starting the investigation, ethical permission was obtained. The period of data collecting was September 2021 to September 2022. Referred patients to the Pulmonology OPD were routinely assessed. Data were gathered using diagnostic tests in accordance with the World Health Organization's guidelines for lung illnesses. In the analysis, secondary and tertiary care departments each participated. To glean useful insights and spot trends and connections, data analysis was carried out using SPSS version 24. Results: The study found that while both MMC and DHQ had a pulmonology department, DHQ does not have an ENT or gastroenterology department. In general, MMC provides a wider selection of diagnostic tools than DHQ. While DHQ lacks a number of cutting-edge diagnostic instruments, MMC contains technology that can be used for bronchoscopy, CT scan, MRI, echo, endo bronchal ultrasound, and more. A sizable number of recommendations were made to MMC, especially in the departments of gastroenterology, emergency medicine, and pulmonary medicine. There are different referral percentages, but a sizable fraction goes to MMC. The fact that more patients were referred to MMC (239) than to DHQ (189), demonstrates the significance of MMC as a location for medical referrals. Conclusion: The differences in healthcare services between MMC and DHQ are highlighted by this study. DHQ falls short in several areas while MMC has a greater selection of medical departments and diagnostic tools. Additionally, patient referral trends show a preference for MMC, highlighting the requirement for fair access to healthcare. These findings highlight possible areas for expanding healthcare access and infrastructure, which will eventually improve patient care and optimise the healthcare system.

Keywords : Tertiary Care, Secondary Care, Pulmonology, MRI, CT-Scan, Referrals


Paper Submission Last Date
31 - December - 2023

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