An Assessment of the Level of Community Engagement in Community Policing Policy and Practice in Kisumu Central Sub-County, Kisumu County

Authors : Otieno Pildas Odidi; Dr. Barack Calvince Omondi; Dr. Jane Khasoa Lusenaka

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 9 - September

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Community-oriented policing (COP) stands as a globally recognized and pivotal strategy for reforming the security sector. Nations across the globe have woven COP into their policy frameworks and legal systems, facilitating collaboration between law enforcement agencies and communities. This approach aims to quell criminal activities and uphold public order through non-traditional avenues of policing. The Kenya National Police Service Act (NPSA) of 2011 meticulously outlines the structure and objectives of community policing, fostering a symbiotic partnership between the police and the populace. In 2017, the Inspector of Police COP Booklet further refined regulations to expedite the implementation of COP in Kenya. However, despite these earnest efforts, instances of crime and disorder continue to plague the Kisumu Central sub-county. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of COP initiatives in combatting crime within the confines of Kisumu Central, scrutinizing the extent of community involvement in policing policies and practices. The research, guided by Lindblom's Incrementalism theory, used a mixed-methods approach involving various research methods. Extensive data collection covered Kisumu Central's six administrative Wards, with 394 participants.Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) included community members, officials, and leaders. Different sampling methods were used, with quantitative and qualitative data analyzed accordingly.Broad-Based Representation: Unlike the COP guidelines, which advocate for comprehensive representation across 15 categories, this practice was not evident in Kisumu Central.Recommendations include systematic awareness campaigns, policy design for community-oriented policing (COP), stakeholder analysis, and innovative strategies. These findings can revitalize police reforms and inform policymaking at national and local levels in Kenya, improving community policing for safer neighborhoods and crime prevention.

Keywords : Community Engagement, Policing Policy and Practice, Community-Oriented Policing, Kisumu Central Sub-County, Crime Reduction.


Paper Submission Last Date
31 - December - 2023

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