An Overview of Surgical Site Infection and its Risk Factors, Pathogens, Treatment and Prevention

Authors : P. Nithyakala; Jessly Lalu; Karthiga.R.; Karthika. J.

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 9 - September

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Infections known as SSIs are those that appear within thirty days of incision (or after a year if an implant is retained in place after the procedure.) and harm besides the wound at the surgery site or its surrounding in-depth tissue. SSI was divided into three groups. They are Skin- deep incisional, deep incisional, and organs/spaces.Surgical Site Infection risk remains after discharge.Micrococcus aureus, Coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus, Gram(-ve) bacilli, Streptococcus pneumoniae, anaerobic bacteria, Oropharyngeal Anaerobes, Enterococci, and Group B streptococci are some of the etiological causes of SSI. Preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively are the three stages that can be used to implement preventive measures. Although many studies base their outcome measures for SSI on accepted criteria, like those provided by the Surgical Site Infection Surveillance Service (SSIS) or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Treatment for surgical site infection includes full wound debridement, wound drainage, and ongoing antibiotic therapy.

Keywords : Etiology, danger symptoms, Prevention, Treatment.


Paper Submission Last Date
31 - December - 2023

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