Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as
abnormalities of the kidney structure and function. The
incidence of the disease continues to increase annually.
CKD patients develop several complications such as
hypertension, electrolyte abnormality, anemia, and
kidney failure. This study aims to assess the prevalence of
the disease according to gender, age, and blood group.
CKD patients were also subjected to determine the levels
of urea and creatinine before and after hemodialysis.
The study participants included 157 patients
diagnosed with CKD undergoing hemodialysis
department at Al-Zawia Kidney Center. Urea and
creatinine were also assessed before and after
This study found that the incidence of the disease
was higher in females compared to males. Diabetes and
hypertension were seen in patients with CKD. Our study
also found a high incidence of CKD in patients with blood
group O+. The level of urea and creatinine was
significantly reduced in the post-dialysis samples.
The incidence of CKD was higher among patients
with blood group O+. These patients have significantly
reduced the level of urea and creatinine after dialysis.
Hence hemodialysis could improve the life expectancy of
patients with CKD.
Keywords : Chronic Kidney Disease, ABO Blood Groups, Urea, Creatinine.