Analysis of Biochemical Parameters of Hemodialysis Patients and their Relationship to ABO Blood Group at the Kidney Center in Al-Zawia City

Authors : Fathia Gadri Jaat; Fikry Ali Abushofa; Salwa Almahdi Alriyah; Bushray Altahir Almaqrahi; Muneerah Almukhtar Imbarak

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 7 - July

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Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as abnormalities of the kidney structure and function. The incidence of the disease continues to increase annually. CKD patients develop several complications such as hypertension, electrolyte abnormality, anemia, and kidney failure. This study aims to assess the prevalence of the disease according to gender, age, and blood group. CKD patients were also subjected to determine the levels of urea and creatinine before and after hemodialysis.  Methods The study participants included 157 patients diagnosed with CKD undergoing hemodialysis department at Al-Zawia Kidney Center. Urea and creatinine were also assessed before and after hemodialysis.  Results This study found that the incidence of the disease was higher in females compared to males. Diabetes and hypertension were seen in patients with CKD. Our study also found a high incidence of CKD in patients with blood group O+. The level of urea and creatinine was significantly reduced in the post-dialysis samples. Conclusion The incidence of CKD was higher among patients with blood group O+. These patients have significantly reduced the level of urea and creatinine after dialysis. Hence hemodialysis could improve the life expectancy of patients with CKD.

Keywords : Chronic Kidney Disease, ABO Blood Groups, Urea, Creatinine.


Paper Submission Last Date
30 - November - 2023

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