Analysis of Multifunction Paddy Fields Perception

Authors : Grace F. E. Suoth; Soemarno; Antariksa; Setyono Yudo Tyasmoro

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 11 - November

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Paddy field is a public property, because it provides individual benefits to the owner and communal benefits. As a public property, paddy fields have a very wide range of functions related to multifunctional benefits. It is concerning, the economic development carried out by the Indonesian State has sacrificed a lot of agricultural land, especially paddy fields. The results of high resolution image analysis are estimated that the national paddy field conversion rate is 96,512 hectares year-1 in the period 2000-2015. Such conversion rate, the current rice field area of 7.1 million ha is predicted to shrink to about 5.1 million hectares in 2045. Malang Regency, the use of paddy fields is transferred to industry, housing, tourism. This shows that the assessment of land use for industry, housing, tourism, provides an advantage 2.6 times greater than the use of paddy fields. Such an assessment makes the process of changing the function of paddy fields to other uses difficult to avoid (Bambang Rahmanto, et al. 2019). Paddy fields that are culturally protected and utilized by the community require a study to determine their potential and problems. Perceptions of farmers and community leaders about the multifunctionality of paddy fields can be used as an effort to examine their perspective on the multifunctionality of paddy fields. The study was focused on exploring the perceptions of the wetland farmer community and community leaders on the multifunctionality of paddy fields. The method uses a qualitative descriptive design using a case study technique. A multifunctional study of lowland farming based on Sudrajat's (2015) reference which is divided into three groups: 1) direct use benefits, 2) indirect use benefits, 3) inherent benefits. The research objective was to examine the perceptions of farmers and community leaders about the multifunctionality of paddy fields. The results of the study: 1) Perceptions of lowland farmers: a). Farmers' appreciation of the multi-functional direct benefits of paddy fields resulted in a high-scale value of an average of 64%, b) indirect benefits produced an average of 60%, c) inherited benefits resulted in an average of 44%. 2). Perceptions of Community Leaders: a) Appreciation of Community Figures for the direct benefits of multi-function paddy fields produces a medium scale value of an average of 58%, b) indirect benefits produce a moderate value of 41% on average, c) innate benefits produce an average of 44 %. The appreciation of high value is because farmers understand the importance of the multifunctional role of paddy fields in environmental balance based on positive experiences in managing paddy fields for years and the benefits of multi-function benefits of paddy fields are felt by the farming community for their basic needs directly. Appreciation of medium and low values is due to the lack of interest of the younger generation to work in paddy fields and paddy fields are valued only for their ability to produce food products, while other functions have not been taken into account.

Keywords : Perception, Multifunction, Paddy Fields


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