Analysis of Physiochemical Parameters to Evaluate the Drinking Water Quality in Winter and Summer Season in Vanjipatti Village in Tamilnadu


Authors : Anumeena S U; S. Hariharasudhan, K. Mithun; M. Bharath kumar; V. Santhosh sivam

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 6 - June

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The safety and cleanliness of water is an absolute need for a healthy and productive life. The water quality supplied is important in determining the health of living individuals and communities. The study aimed to assess and compare the quality of water present in the village named "Vanjipatti" of Madurai District with Indian Standards and its health hazards in that territory. Two water samples were collected from two different seasons of winter and summer respectively. The samples were collected in plastic water cans of 5 liters of capacity. Data collection was done based on the questionnaire and laboratory analysis of water samples. Certain physical and chemical parameters like total dissolved solids (TDS), electrical conductivity (EC), pH, hardness, alkalinity, etc., were examined to find out the quality of water source. Findings revealed that water quality in Vanjipatti is unadulterated and clear. The water has pure white colour without contamination and tastes sweet. The analysis of parameters in the laboratory revealed the important contamination in ground water. EC, TDS, hardness, pH etc. were equitably minimum within IS permissible limits. Such better quality of water reasoned to safety against waterborne diseases like diarrhea, cholera etc. The results showed pH value of 7.05-7.03, hardness range of 11.5-12mg/l from physiochemical analysis of water samples which were within Bureau of Indian Standards and WHO standards. The study also found that the Sodium and Potassium contents which were major problem with drinking water were also equal to null. To save the local residents, study suggests regular monitoring of water quality should be practiced and water should be boiled and cooled to provide safe drinking water.

Keywords : Water quality, Physiochemical Parameters, BIS, Potable

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