Analysis of the Flow of Viscous Fluid in Cylindrical Bifurcating Channel

Authors : Egbo C. A; Abbey T. M

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 12 - December

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In this study of the flow of fluid in a bifurcating channel, an experimental method was adopted, where six (6) glasses of bifurcated tubes with angles (θ) measured from the centerline of the mother tube ranging from 5o to 30o . Also, four (4) fluid samples whose physical properties were presented in Table (1) were used. Each of the fluid samples were allowed to flow through the different bifurcated glass tubes and the time taken to recover the following designated volumes of 100ml, 200ml, 300ml, 400ml and 500ml to be recovered into a beaker is recorded, then the volume flow rate, the flow velocity and the Reynolds number for each of the fluid sample were computed and the results presented. A critical examination of the profiles of results presented in Figure (1) – (4) shows that as the bifurcating angles increases, the time taken to recover the designated volume of water increases, i.e as the bifurcating angle increases the volume flow rate decreases for all fluid samples. Similar results were also observed for the flow velocity, the trend of the results displayed on the graphs shows decrease in the flow velocity as the angle of bifurcation decreases for all fluid samples. For Figure (5) to (10) the pattern of results obtained from the graphs shows that the flow rate for the various samples decrease as the density increases from water to groundnut oil. Same pattern of result was also obtained for the Reynolds number.

Keywords : Bifurcation angle, Viscous fluid, Reynolds number Flow rate.


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