Antimicrobial and Synergistic Potentials of Xylopia Aethiopica (UDA) and Occimum Gratissimum (Nchanwu) Leaf Extracts

Authors : Emeh, Amara. A., Anyanwu, Gladys O., Onyeulor, Prisca N., Chimereze, Nwamaka C. and Abba-Father, Chinyere A.M.

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 4 - April

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Soxhlet ethanolic leaf extracts of Xylopia aethiopica, Occimum gratissimum and their combined extracts were analyzed for antimicrobial activities against clinical pathogenic bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and a fungus (Candida albicans) using the agar well diffusion technique. The susceptibility with regards to their zones of inhibition, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) unraveled that the extracts exhibited antibacterial activities without effect on Candida albicans.

Keywords : Antibacterial, Xylopia aethiopica, Ocimum gratissimum, isolates, synergy.


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