Application of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Family Psychoeducation in Suicide Risk Clients with Stuart Adaptation Stress Model Approach: A Case Study


Authors : Nasrah Halim; Suriyani; Ardhanari H. Kusuma; Lalu Guntur Payasan

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 4 - April

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3vRXTV6

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6528180

Suicide is one of the symptoms of mental disorders and is the leading cause of death of schizophrenic clients with the largest number of deaths. Suicide prevention efforts can be done Cognitive Behavioural Therapy given to clients, while for caregivers given Family Psychoeducation. This case report was applied to 4 suicide risk clients at Abepura Psychiatric Hospital by providing management of service (MOS) training with the provision of suicide risk nursing training, so as to apply CBT and FPE properly. The application of both therapies is carried out with the theoretical approach of Stuart's adaptation stress model. The case in this report is a case of suicide risk that all clients are male, mostly mature, working and unmarried, the highest level of junior high school education. Most schizophrenic clients are paranoid with inappropriate appearance, incoherent speaking, restless, hopeless, unstable, no eye contact, loss of association, easy switching, and memory impairment. Caregivers are dominated by women and client mothers, with the most elementary school education levels. Some are widowed, not working and the time spans to care for clients for three years. It was concluded that there was an increase in the family's ability to care for clients after being given CBT and FPE, as well as stuart's stress accable model appropriately applied to client caregivers with a risk of suicide.

Keywords : Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Family Psycho Education, suicide risk, stress adaptation model.

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