Applying Space Transition Theory to Cyber Crime; A Theoretical Analysis of Revenge Pornography in the 21st Century


Authors : Ajibade. A. Abayomi

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 11 - November

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/2JnEFRU

Initially, cyber criminology requires the theoretical study of cyber space criminal activity and victimization. However, Jaishankar (2008) has developed, as at present, the only cyber criminological theory that adequately explains cyber space crimes. Jaishankar's Spce Transition Theory comprises seven propositions that seem to justify some cyber-related behaviors. Nevertheless, there are conditions for proper empirical studies and applications to further justify the theory. As such, researchers around the world have evaluated the applicability of the space transition theory using the four basic categories of cyber crime, and they identified the fact that the space transition theory is more applicable in cyber-trespassing, cyber-deception and robbery, and cyber-pornography than cyberviolence. Despite the fact that some academics have greatly appreciated the ideas of Jaishankar to address cyber crimes, some researchers have also criticised the fact that some of his theory's suggestions are somewhat difficult to test and may be unique to some types of cyber crimes. This paper specifically tested the theory of Space Transition by reviewing studies on revenge pornography (cyber-pornography) and the result shows that while some elements of Space Transition Theory seem to be more relevant than others, the driving factors for committing revenge pornography and the transition between physical and virtual space could be clarified by all seven (7) propositions. It is clear from the analysis that the significant impacts of the theory of space transition vary greatly between the seven (7) measured components.

Keywords : Revenge Pornography, Space Transition Theory, Cyber Crime.

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