The first instance of human
immunodeficiency virus reported in 1984 and HIV/AIDS
declared as public health emergency in 2002 in Ethiopia.
Human immunodeficiency virus is a chronic infection
caused by type 1 and type 2 of human immunodeficiency
virus, which infects human only. The major transmission
is sexual contact but others can also include transmission
through occupational and non- occupational exposures.
Work-related revelation is when someone work in health
care setting is possibly exposed to Human
immunodeficiency virus, because of blood and body fluid
contacts. The main objective of this paper is to assess
knowledge, attitude, and practice of health workers
(HCWs) about post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among health
care workers in Mertule mariam Hospital and health
METHODS: Institutional based cross-sectional study
design was carried out from January 01 to May 30,2021.
A total of 124 health care workers were take part in the
study health facilities. Data were collected using
pretested self- administered questionnaire and analyzed
using SPSS in version 21.
RESULTS: Among the total participants, 73% were
males and most of them were between 20 to 30 years’ age
range. Around 59.9% of them were single. Ninety-twopoint seven percent participants have heard about post
exposure prophylaxis, 52.8% had unfavorable attitude
towards post exposure prophylaxis and 7.2% had poor
knowledge towards post exposure prophylaxis for
human immunodeficiency virus.
CONCLUSION: Despite there were adequate knowledge
towards post exposure prophylaxis, participants’
attitude and practice of PEP is low and intent of
initiation was delayed for PEP.
Keywords : Knowledge, attitude, practice, PEP, HIV, health workers.