Assessment of Dental Aesthetic Index and Facial Aesthetic Index Among Tamil and Malayalam Speaking Groups in India- A Cross Sectional Study


Authors : Akhil S Nair; Bharathwaj V V; Elakiya S; Lubna Fathima; Sindhu R; Prabu D; Rajmohan M; Dinesh Dhamodhar

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 7 - July

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3d2zkxZ

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6957772

Abstract : The aim of this study is to analyze Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) and Facial Aesthetic Index (FAI) among the native diverse group distributed over the southern part of India – Malayalam along with Tamil speaking groups. A cross sectional survey was conducted among one hundred and ninety eight individual samples was collected in the study. DAI was evaluated according to 10 occlusal characteristics and the final DAI score which determined severity and treatment needed cases. Chi square test was done to find the association between age, gender, FAI and DAI among Malayali & Tamilian population. The result implies that more than 70 percentage of both population belong to the category where “no treatment need or slight need”. The people belonging to “DAI 26-30” were ranging from 8-12% in both Populations. The present study finding revealed that the people belonging to DAI 31-35 were ranging from 5- 10% in both groups. The association between the Malayalam and Tamil speaking population for DAI was recorded and found to be p value of 0.368 which was statistically insignificant. The association between the Malayalam and Tamil speaking population for facial aesthetic index was done and found to obtain a p-value of 0.647 which was statistically insignificant. According to the severity level they were grouped under normal or minor malocclusion (Malayali -78.8%, Tamilian -82.8%). Facial Aesthetic Index was found to have class A type in both Malayalam and Tamil speaking population which was found to be 70.7% and 78%.

Keywords : India, Facial Aesthetic Index, Dental Aesthetic Index.

The aim of this study is to analyze Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) and Facial Aesthetic Index (FAI) among the native diverse group distributed over the southern part of India – Malayalam along with Tamil speaking groups. A cross sectional survey was conducted among one hundred and ninety eight individual samples was collected in the study. DAI was evaluated according to 10 occlusal characteristics and the final DAI score which determined severity and treatment needed cases. Chi square test was done to find the association between age, gender, FAI and DAI among Malayali & Tamilian population. The result implies that more than 70 percentage of both population belong to the category where “no treatment need or slight need”. The people belonging to “DAI 26-30” were ranging from 8-12% in both Populations. The present study finding revealed that the people belonging to DAI 31-35 were ranging from 5- 10% in both groups. The association between the Malayalam and Tamil speaking population for DAI was recorded and found to be p value of 0.368 which was statistically insignificant. The association between the Malayalam and Tamil speaking population for facial aesthetic index was done and found to obtain a p-value of 0.647 which was statistically insignificant. According to the severity level they were grouped under normal or minor malocclusion (Malayali -78.8%, Tamilian -82.8%). Facial Aesthetic Index was found to have class A type in both Malayalam and Tamil speaking population which was found to be 70.7% and 78%.

Keywords : India, Facial Aesthetic Index, Dental Aesthetic Index.

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