Assessment of Gas Flaring and Temperature Variability in the Niger Delta: A Case study of Delta State

Authors : Obaro Dominic Oghenejabor, Oluwatosin Onajite Itiowe, Uchechukwu Godwin Ehumadu

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 1 - January

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The burning of Associated Gas produced alongside crude oil by the 29 gas flaring sites in Delta state constantly hurts nature’s domain and constitutes a waste of assets which could be utilized to end the persistent energy failure faced by the power sector in Nigeria. The proclamation of Gas flaring as one of the major sources of anthropogenic CO2 has become a disturbing issue for both scholars and host communities, hence, regarded as a catalyst to temperature change in the study area. It is against this background that this study carried out “an assessment of gas flaring as a major contributor to temperature change in Delta State”. The study examined the pattern of total gas flared in the Niger Delta region and its impact on temperature variability in Delta State using satellite climate data and gas flaring data over the region. The Time Series Analysis was used to investigate the trends, variations and seasonality of total gas flared and temperature for six decades in R software. The standard deviation and coefficient of variation showed annual variability in temperature with respect to the mean with a downward trend of gas flaring within the period of review. Although there was positive relationship between temperature and gas flaring, other factors could have contributed to temperature variability in the region. The statistical indications were not enough to conclude that there is climate change in the study area, but one can conclude that there are slight indications of climate change in the study area. Thus, it is recommended that more synoptic weather stations be sited in all the oil producing communities in Delta State and Niger Delta region as a whole in order to have adequate up-to-date data of climate and weather pointers obtainable and accessible to scholars.

Keywords : Associated Gas, Gas Flaring, Temperature, Climate Change.


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31 - December - 2023

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