Assessment of Recurrent Cholera Outbreak in Bauchi State

Authors : Elisha Zira Dia

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 10 - October

Google Scholar :

Scribd :


This research work titled “Assessment of Recurrent Cholera Outbreak in Bauchi State” was conducted to assess and find out why there is an annual recurrence of cholera outbreak in Bauchi State, Nigeria. The research was also aimed at finding ways that the recurrent cholera outbreak in Bauchi State can be curtailed and minimized. This annual recurrence of the deadly disease in some parts of the nation of Nigeria became a national concern. The National Assembly took a bold step in addressing the menace in 2011. In all of these annual recurrences of cholera outbreaks in Nigeria, Bauchi State was always mentioned in the list of affected states. During cholera outbreaks, people become infected by drinking water or eating food contaminated by the bacteria (Vibrio cholerae). This contamination takes its course through poor sanitation as well as poor personal and domestic hygiene practices. It is the bacteria present in the faeces of infected individuals that is the main source of contamination and the principal site affected by the infection is the gastrointestinal tract most especially the small intestine. I recommend the following for immediate implementation; The use of hand dug water wells for drinking water should be discouraged. The public should be sensitized on personal hygiene and food sanitation during awareness campaigns. Agencies responsible for regulating the quality of public drinking water sold by vendors in the form of sachets (pure water) should be properly checked against contamination. Public tap water supply must genuinely undergo proper treatment before the supply is made to the public. Pit latrine systems must have cover lids and must undergo regular treatments with disinfectants at all times. Pit latrine systems and suck-away for water system toilets should not be sited close to hand dug wells or boreholes meant for fetching drinking water to avoid contamination by human faeces. Proper sanitary disposal of faeces and household wastes should be done in all communities. All households must keep cleaning their toilets with disinfectants such as ‘IZAL’ and similar disinfectants. The use of cholera vaccines must be emphasized consistent among potentially endangered communities. Provision of street bins with cover lids to guard against disposal of household wastes in the open land will reduce the spread of cholera by insect vectors like house flies.

Keywords : Assessment, Recurrent, Cholera, Outbreak, Bauchi State


Paper Submission Last Date
31 - December - 2023

Paper Review Notification
In 1-2 Days

Paper Publishing
In 2-3 Days

Video Explanation for Published paper

Never miss an update from Papermashup

Get notified about the latest tutorials and downloads.

Subscribe by Email

Get alerts directly into your inbox after each post and stay updated.

Subscribe by RSS

Add our RSS to your feedreader to get regular updates from us.