Automatic Irrigation and Green House Environment Controlling Robotic System

Authors : Yogita Gogawale; Pooja Gupta; Aditi Gokhale

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 6 - June

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Centuries ago the Romans have created the first greenhouses to develop the “modern lifestyle” and where irrespective of season we can have fresh vegetables. Seeking a solution to the unavailability of fresh vegetables in every season, they started to grow plants indoors and thus invented the first greenhouses. The last century has seen many technological advances that have been used to construct more efficient and cheaper greenhouses, which in turn has made them available to the ordinary gardeners. Because of the invention of large sheets of polyethylene, the greenhouse construction has been revolutionized and today the percentage of greenhouses built using poly sheet are almost more than 90%. During the same time Aluminum and plastic hoops were invented made up of galvanized steel tubing, aluminum extrusions were an easy and cheapest way to construct a greenhouse. Nowadays greenhouses are becoming automated, because of which people can save time on activities like watering. Automated greenhouses are equipped with automatic watering system including providing water and fertilizers to the plants whenever needed, monitoring of temperature and humidity and controlling with the help of automatic vents that opens and closes based on the temperature, automatic fans and heaters. In order to make greenhouses more efficient and cheaper many new materials are also used like fiberglass, polycarbonate and acrylic panels. Though there has been tremendous change in greenhouse construction, Only the passion for gardening has not Changed through centuries. Because of many technology advances now gardeners or farmers can spend their time taking care of the plants instead of spending more efforts on watering or maintaining the required environment in greenhouses.

Keywords : PIC controller, Temperature and soil moisture sensor, LCD, DC motor, DC pump, L293D, DC brushless fan.


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31 - March - 2024

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