Burden of Suicidal and Accidental Mortality in India


Authors : Akif Mustafa

Volume/Issue : Volume 4 - 2019, Issue 9 - September

Google Scholar : https://goo.gl/DF9R4u

Scribd : https://bit.ly/2M7pLMY

 Objective Self-harm or suicide and accident are one of the leading cause of mortality in India. So the objective of the present study is to find out the burden of accidental deaths and suicidal deaths in India in previous years on the national and state level.  Methods The data was taken from ‘Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India from 1967 to 2015’, which is published by National Crime Records Bureau, Government of India. To show the burden of mortality due to accidents and suicide, years of potential life lost (YPLL) were calculated on the national and state level. YPLL is a summary measure of premature mortality, it is used for estimating the potential life lost due to premature death  Results Total potential years of life lost due to accidents and suicide in 2015 were 98804274. In the span of 5 years from 2010 to 2015 India lost 9.8 crore potential years of life due to accidents and suicides in which 7.3 crore were contributed by accidents and 2.5 crore by suicides. The burden was very high in some states like Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu, etc. The major cause of accidental death was road traffic accident (42.9%), and the major cause of suicide was ‘family problem’ (27.6 percent).  Conclusion The burden of suicidal and accidental mortality is high in the country and in the past years, no significant decline has been observed in the burden. So a proficient policy is needed for the problem. Also there is a huge variation in the rate of accidental and suicidal mortality among the states, so state with high rate must give attention to the problem.

Keywords : Suicide, Accidental Death, Burden, YPLL.

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