Mathematics plays a crucial role in enhancing
individuals' understanding of science, facilitating
studying, and developing critical thinking skills.
Mathematical practice fosters critical and creative
thinking, improving comprehension of various topics
and equipping individuals for work and daily life. This
study aims to investigate the attitudes of grade 5 and 6
students towards mathematics, examining differences in
attitudes between male and female students and within
grade levels. The results reveal that male and female
students exhibit comparable levels of concern with no
significant differences in attitudes towards the subject.
However, fifth-grade students demonstrate greater
positive attitudes and self-confidence in mathematics
than their sixth-grade counterparts. This difference is
statistically significant (p-value < .05) and could be
attributed to the educational transition from primary to
lower secondary level. This finding should be taken into
consideration by relevant parties. For future studies, we
recommend a mixed-method approach with larger
Keywords : Primary, Mathematics, Cognitive, Attitudes, Efficacy, Science.