The deficit in the trade balance is the major
problem for Afghanistan. The purpose of this article is to
identify the causes of deficit in the trade balance of
Afghanistan and develop effective policies to reduce,
prevent and eliminate the deficit in the trade balance. for
this study, we use primary data as well as secondary data
collected from the world bank, IMF, ministry of finance,
ministry of economics, NSIA, and some national and
Our finding is that lower tariffs, low productivity,
insecurity, warlord and mafia, stabilization of taxes, lack
of good management, and culture of exemption are the
major causes of trade balance deficit in Afghanistan.
Deficit of trade balance has negative effects on the
economy of Afghanistan.
Keywords : Trade Balance Deficit, Unemployment, Money Outflow, Afghanistan economics, Instability