Climate Change and Sustainable Development in Nigeria: Emerging Issues on Dry Season Rice Farmers and Fulani Cattle herders’ Conflict, in Kebbi State


Authors : Garba Bala Yauri

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 7 - July

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3TmGbDi

Scribd : https://tinyurl.com/32xvau4y

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8220618

Abstract : In the ages past, famers/herders relationship seen to be cordial and encouraging in most occasions. Today the long historical mutual understanding between herd men and farmers has turned sour. Reports from the international and national media houses continue to give fatal information on frequent clashes between the two social groups. These conflicts have cut a crossed all the geo-political zones of Nigeria and is more pronounced in states such as Zamfara, plateau, and Nasarawa state. Have fatal due to change. Scholars blamed climate change to as the chief factor of such conflict as climate change resulted in the decline in arable land, dryness of water courses, prolong dry season among others. The present administration intends to diversify the sources of Nigeria revenue via revival of agricultural sectors. This is what motivated the researcher to undertake this research to find out the perception of climate change among dry season rice farmers and herdsmen in Kebbi State. Data for research was collected via interviewing method. Using taro Yamane formula of finding sample size. The sample of 166 farmers and 167 herdsmen) respectively were drawn out of estimated population of 10600 (farmers) and 3600 (herdsmen) in the area. Conclusively the study revealed that farmers are aware of climate change through media houses such as radio, television and most of them have benefited from anchor borrowers loan scheme. The paper suggested for the use of improves seedlings and awareness campaign on the need to promote peace among people of kebbi state despite the effects of climate change.

Keywords : Climate Change, Conflict, Cordial, Farmers / Herdsmen.

In the ages past, famers/herders relationship seen to be cordial and encouraging in most occasions. Today the long historical mutual understanding between herd men and farmers has turned sour. Reports from the international and national media houses continue to give fatal information on frequent clashes between the two social groups. These conflicts have cut a crossed all the geo-political zones of Nigeria and is more pronounced in states such as Zamfara, plateau, and Nasarawa state. Have fatal due to change. Scholars blamed climate change to as the chief factor of such conflict as climate change resulted in the decline in arable land, dryness of water courses, prolong dry season among others. The present administration intends to diversify the sources of Nigeria revenue via revival of agricultural sectors. This is what motivated the researcher to undertake this research to find out the perception of climate change among dry season rice farmers and herdsmen in Kebbi State. Data for research was collected via interviewing method. Using taro Yamane formula of finding sample size. The sample of 166 farmers and 167 herdsmen) respectively were drawn out of estimated population of 10600 (farmers) and 3600 (herdsmen) in the area. Conclusively the study revealed that farmers are aware of climate change through media houses such as radio, television and most of them have benefited from anchor borrowers loan scheme. The paper suggested for the use of improves seedlings and awareness campaign on the need to promote peace among people of kebbi state despite the effects of climate change.

Keywords : Climate Change, Conflict, Cordial, Farmers / Herdsmen.

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