Wheezing in childhood is not a single disorder and
different wheezing associated respiratory illnesses have
been recently described. Not all children who wheeze in
early infancy will continue to wheeze into childhood
Aims And Objectives
This study aims to determine the clinical profile
and risk factors of wheezing in children under five years
of age in a tertiary care hospital in eastern India.
All children less than 5 years of age diagnosed to
have wheeze attending the pediatric department of HiTech medical college and hospital, Bhubaneswar were
evaluated by collecting baseline data of the child, clinical
evaluation and investigation.
Type of study- Cross Sectional Study
Parents or legal guardians of infants who gave
consent for the study were interviewed and asked
standardized questionnaires about demographic
characteristics as well as about wheezing and its
potential risk factors.
Statistical Analysis- The data are collected and
entered into excel sheets , relative statistical tests like
percentage , graphs and tables are done.
Wheezing in children under five years of age has a
heterogeneous group of risk factors and clinical
diagnosis. In our study Episodic viral triggered wheeze
was the commonest cause of wheezing (22.30%) followed
by acute bronchiolitis (20.76%) and bronchopneumonia
(16.92%) and moderate bronchial asthma (13.84%).
Wheezing in children less than five years of age was
independently associated with male child, family history
of atopy, antenatal infection, preterm delivery, NICU
admission and overcrowding in the family.
The study of risk factors of wheezing in less than
five years of age is important to help physicians identify
young children at high risk of developing asthma and to
improve public health prevention strategies in order to
reduce the morbidity of wheezing in childhood
Keywords : Infant, Wheezing, Asthma, Risk Factors