Composition of Planting Media on Growth Banana Seeds (Musa paradiciaca)

Authors : Riama Rita Manullang; Yuanita; F. Silvi Dwi Mentari; Heriad Daud; Salusu Haryatie Sarie

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 8 - August

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The composition of planting media on the growth of banana seedlings (Musa paradiciaca). The yellow Musa paradiciaca banana has now been developed in East Kutai by the Department of Agriculture Food and Horticulture (DAFH) under the name banana grecek which means good and attractive. This greek banana is a typical plant or germplasm from East Kalimantan in accordance with the Decree of the Minister of Agriculture. Conventional seed development by growing buds on the hump is what is done to multiply the banana seeds. The planting medium greatly affects the growth of shoots on the banana hump to prepare banana seeds The purpose of this study was to obtain a suitable planting medium for the growth of kepok banana seedlings and to obtain healthy banana seedlings from banana weevil. The expected results from the Urgency of Research are: Increase knowledge about banana weevil as a banana plant seed material, Obtain suitable growing media for the growth of banana seedlings, research results can be used as reference material when teaching or used as material for reference books and provide information to the public in particular banana farmers how to multiply banana seeds with weeds and suitable media for banana seedlings. The research was carried out in the demonstration garden laboratory of Plantation Cultivation of the Samarinda State Agricultural Polytechnic and was carried out for 4 months. In this study, a non-factorial completely randomized design method was used with the treatment of the composition of the growing media on the banana weevil. The composition of the media in the treatment are: Mo = Soil: Sand (2: 1), M1 = Soil: Sand: Compost (2: 1: 1), M2 = Soil: Sand: Burnt husk (2:1:1), M3 = Soil :Sand : Compost : Burnt Husk ( 2:1:0.5:0.5).The results of this study can be concluded the fastest number of days for shoots to appear on the hump was in the treatment M3 = soil: sand: compost: roasted husk (2:1:0.5:5) for 36.37 days, M2 = soil: sand: husk (2:1:1) for 43.33 days, M1 = soil: sand: compost (2:1:1) for 45 days and M0 = soil: sand (2:1) for 60 days.

Keywords : Planting media, banana weevil, banana.


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31 - December - 2023

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