Conflict Reconciliation Bima: (Local Wisdom Based Ethnographic Study)


Authors : Muhammad Jafar Anwar.

Volume/Issue : Volume 4 - 2019, Issue 2 - February

Google Scholar : https://goo.gl/DF9R4u

Scribd : https://goo.gl/YzAb42

Thomson Reuters ResearcherID : https://goo.gl/KTXLC3

This study uses an ethnographic qualitative approach. This research setting emphasizes traditional collectivity and the way local culture emphasizes simple traditional individual competitions. The problem of this research is how to implement Bima’s local wisdom in conflict reconciliation. Social conflict has the potential to become a driver of history as well as a historical source to prevent social freezing. The social conflicts that have occurred in Bima are almost evenly distributed throughout this camp using mapping analysis and conflict trees. Bima’s homogeneity and local wisdom should ideally be an adhesive to reduce the intensity of the conflict. Local wisdom is like the phrase: Kalembo ade (expose your chest, be patient), the culture of maja labo dahu (fear and shame), and ndempa ndiha (fist fighting without weapons) implemented in conflict reconciliation. Bima’s social conflict was caused by the erosion of local wisdom in the form of cultural values, religious values and harmonious living traditions. In the form of culture and the people of Bima have the ideals of life: “mantika ro sana mori in the world ro akhera” (beautiful and happy to live in the world and the hereafter). Conflict actually causes damage and trauma.

Keywords : Local Wisdom, Conflict, Reconciliation.

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