Conversion of Waste Plastics to Fuel - Liquid Phase Contacting Recycle Technique

Authors : Roopa Farshi, Ravishankar R, M. A. L. Antony Raj

Volume/Issue : Volume 2 - 2017, Issue 9 - September

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Solid waste management (SWM) is synonymous with handling and disposing of the waste in suitable ways. Solid waste is a mixture of organic waste, paper, plastics etc. Many recycling procedures are prevalent for processing paper and organic waste into useful material in eco friendly ways. The challenge associated with SWM is waste plastic accumulation; plastics are non-biodegradable polymers mostly containing carbon, hydrogen and few other elements such as chlorine, nitrogen. Disposal methods followed currently for handling waste plastics majority pose threat to environment either by polluting air as a result of incineration or soil by dumping. The novelty of current research is to convert waste plastics into fuel oil which can be used directly or indirectly in energy sector using simple reactor and economically feasible catalyst. Waste plastics like LDPE and PP were processed in a batch reactor at a temperature range of 420-4500C with clay catalyst in a ratio of 4:1 and the yield was around 60-72 percentage (weight basis). Physical and chemical analysis of product oil obtained confirms the presence of paraffin’s and olefins.

Keywords : Waste Plastic; Clay Catalys; Plastic to Fuel; LDPE; PP; Plastic Degradation; Plastic to Fuel.


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