Coping With Administrative Working Conditions by Kenyan Principals and Head Teachers


Authors : Aden Ali Abdi, Brinda Bazeley Kharbirymbai

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 3 - March

Google Scholar : https://goo.gl/DF9R4u

Scribd : https://bit.ly/2UpqfDn

The tasks of public-school leaders are diverse, evolving and challenging. It is important to understand how the principals and head teachers cope with stressors in their day-to-day business of running schools. Since the phenomenon of coping strategies among school principals and head teachers has received little attention in Kenya, this study sought to qualitatively explore the coping strategies used by principals of secondary schools and head teachers of primary schools when facing administrative stressors in their working conditions. Eleven principals and head teachers were purposively sampled through maximal variation sampling. Data were collected through semi- structured, face-to-face interviews. Each interview was audio-taped, transcribed verbatim and coded according to the constant comparative method of data analysis. Results showed that principals and head teachers used four problem-focused strategies and two emotion- focused strategies as the primary coping approaches to various problems they encountered in the course of duty. This study presents practical information as well as expands the theoretical understanding of administrative coping strategies among principals and head teachers. The study also implies that the administrative problems for which principals and head teachers sought coping strategies are amenable to policy changes that will support the school leaders to cope with stressors beyond their personal and institutional coping resources.

Keywords : Coping Strategies, Working Conditions, Stress, Principals, Head Teachers.

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