Current Approaches in the Management and Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Comprehensive Review

Authors : Amol R. Kharat; Manisha K. Pakhare; Kiran R. Kharat

Volume/Issue : Volume 7 - 2022, Issue 6 - June

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Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), is a hormonal and endocrine condition among women most frequent among teenagers and young women, affecting 5-10% of women throughout their reproductive years and characterized by an imbalance of female sex hormones, a change in the menstrual cycle, and an ovarian cyst that can lead to infertility. The most prevalent symptoms of PCOS are acne, hirsutism, menstrual cycle irregularity, obesity, insulin resistance (IR), and elevated cholesterol, all of which are linked to hyperandrogenism. Because of the wide spectrum of signs and symptoms, health professionals must have a thorough understanding of the illness and how to treat it. According to prevalence surveys, 8.2 percent (RC) of Indian women and girls have PCOS. The specific cause of PCOS is unknown, however genetic and environmental factors are the primary causes. PCOS causes complications such as cardiovascular, oncology, metabolic, and barrenness in women. Traditional medicinal systems such as Ayurvedic, homoeopathic, Unani, and Siddha, as well as modern systems such as allopathic and surgical treatment, show promising results in the treatment of PCOS, regardless of whether the cause is hereditary or metabolic. Tridosha and herbal remedies are preferred in ayurvedic Panchkarma. Laparoscopic ovarian drilling surgical therapy is done in clomiphene resistant patients. PCOS can be managed by changing a woman's diet, exercising, and changing her lifestyle. Yoga asanas such as chakki, badhakonasana, shavasna, padma sadhana, and surya namskar help to improve PCOS symptoms. Recently, PCOS has been linked to a greater incidence of covid 19 infection in women. Abbreviation: PCOS-Polycystic ovary syndrome; RCRotterdam criteria

Keywords : PCOS, hyperandrogenism, menstrual dysfunction, yoga, covid 19.


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