Decomposition of Change in Healthy Literate Working Life Expectancy

Authors : Nabanita Saikia; Dr. Barnali Thakuria

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 9 - September

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The study of social development involves the improvement of human quality of life by civilizing the social, economic, cultural, political, and environmental conditions of a nation. The indicator Healthy Literate Working life expectancy (HLWLE) combines the human quality of life such as healthy, literate, and working factors in a single index. To describe the difference in HLWLE over two different periods or genders; we have analyzed the decomposition of the change in healthy literate working life expectancy for India and its selected states. Das Gupta (1993) four-factor cases method is used for the decomposition of the change in the number of person-years lived with healthy, literate, and working states. The analysis of the decomposition of sex differences in India shows that males could expect to live a better life with a healthy, literate, and working condition as compared to that of females. This may be due to the improvement in the employment and the literacy condition of males than that of females. An increase in the life expectancy of females has not translated fully into working and literate life years. The finding of the study highlights the importance of Government and Non-Government involvement towards the improvement of literacy and work force participation, especially among females. Again, decomposing the difference between HLW life years between 2001 and 2011 gives a paramount conclusion that emerged from the study is that the state Punjab portrays the issue of unemployment among both the sexes. This should be considered as the greatest concern by the policy makers.

Keywords : Decomposition; Healthy Effect; Literacy Effect, Working Effet, Life Expectancy


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