Determinants of Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Among the Under Five Children

Authors : Tanzila Rahman Toma; Laboni Binte Haque; Rajib Hossain; Morium Hossain Shapla; Amborin Qureshi; Rafikun Nahar; Sohana Akter; Zamima Khan; Sinthea Rahman; Md. Mahmudul Haque; Nasima Shaheen; Julfikkar Alam

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 11 - November

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Acute respiratory tract infections are among top childhood killer disease. In developing countries, seven out of ten deaths happen due to acute respiratory tract infection in under five-year age group. Most infections (95%) are limited to the upper respiratory tract infections. Determinants of upper respiratory tract infection is an important aspect for providing health education to reduce its burden by the health professionals specially by the nurses working in hospital. The present study is a descriptive type of cross-sectional study carried out among 101 purposively selected respondents both indoors and out patient department of child and ENT department at Combined Military Hospital, Dhaka with the aim to identify the determinants of upper respiratory tract infection cases. In this study, non-probability purposive sampling technique was followed for selection of samples. Data were collected by administering a written semistructured questionnaire. Out of total 101 respondents maximum age 35 (34.7%) of the children were in between 0-12 months and minimum age 13 (12.9%) of the children were in between 37-48 months. The present study revealed that among all respondent’s maximum educational level of respondents 39 (38.6%) were SSC. According to monthly family income, most of the respondents 49 (48.5%) monthly family income were 21000-30000/- Taka. Considering the seasonal variation, most of the children 84 (83.2%) had suffered due to seasonal variation. The present study depicted that most of the children 79 (78.22%) were completed their vaccination according to EPI schedule. It was evident from the present study among the child 48 (47.5%) had a history of other illness. This study depicts that minimum of respondent’s family members 23 (22.8%) were smoker. The present study showed that among the URTI cases, there were 11 (10.9%) malnourished children. Our study was designed to identify the determinants of upper respiratory tract infection. This will help in future steps towards the issues of morbidity and mortality aspects of child health.

Keywords : URTI, Infection, Micro-organism, Lungs.


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