Acute respiratory tract infections are among
top childhood killer disease. In developing countries, seven
out of ten deaths happen due to acute respiratory tract
infection in under five-year age group. Most infections
(95%) are limited to the upper respiratory tract infections.
Determinants of upper respiratory tract infection is an
important aspect for providing health education to reduce
its burden by the health professionals specially by the
nurses working in hospital. The present study is a
descriptive type of cross-sectional study carried out among
101 purposively selected respondents both indoors and out
patient department of child and ENT department at
Combined Military Hospital, Dhaka with the aim to
identify the determinants of upper respiratory tract
infection cases. In this study, non-probability purposive
sampling technique was followed for selection of samples.
Data were collected by administering a written semistructured questionnaire. Out of total 101 respondents
maximum age 35 (34.7%) of the children were in between
0-12 months and minimum age 13 (12.9%) of the children
were in between 37-48 months. The present study revealed
that among all respondent’s maximum educational level of
respondents 39 (38.6%) were SSC. According to monthly
family income, most of the respondents 49 (48.5%)
monthly family income were 21000-30000/- Taka.
Considering the seasonal variation, most of the children 84
(83.2%) had suffered due to seasonal variation. The
present study depicted that most of the children 79
(78.22%) were completed their vaccination according to
EPI schedule. It was evident from the present study among
the child 48 (47.5%) had a history of other illness. This
study depicts that minimum of respondent’s family
members 23 (22.8%) were smoker. The present study
showed that among the URTI cases, there were 11 (10.9%)
malnourished children. Our study was designed to identify
the determinants of upper respiratory tract infection. This
will help in future steps towards the issues of morbidity
and mortality aspects of child health.
Keywords : URTI, Infection, Micro-organism, Lungs.