This research aimed at determining the
prevalence of diabetes and factors associated among
HIV patients on ART admitted at Mulago national
referral hospital ART clinic, and a total of 200 HIV-
infected adults were enrolled in the study. To determine
prevalence and factors associated with diabetes, a
questionnaire, was used to collect socio-demographic
data, participants underwent assessment of Random
blood sugar levels at enrolment and returned the
following morning for fasting blood sugar (FBS) to be
measured and diabetes was defined as FBG
≥ 7.0 mmol/L. A multivariate logistic analysis was
applied to assess factors associated with diabetes. The
overall diabetes prevalence was 7.5% (95%CI: 3.5,
11.5), with males at 5.3% (95%CI: 1.3, 12.0), and
females at 8.8% (95%CL: 4.8, 13.6), 7.8% (95%CI: 3.9,
12.2) among urban residents, and 5.3% (95%CI: 0.0,
15.8) among rural residents, with those on second line
treatment at 23.9% (95%CI: 13.0, 39.1) and 2.6%
(95%CI: 0.6, 5.2) among participants on first line drugs.
Those on second line drugs were significantly more
likely to have diabetes (AOR 3.420(95%CI 2.053,
25.314) P=0.005), compared to first line users.
Overweight, and Obese participants were also more
likely to have diabetes (AOR 2.94375 (95%CI 2.915,
123.562) P=0.002) compared to those with normal
weight. Participants with systolic pressure >139mmHg
were almost 2 times more likely to have diabetes (AOR
1.529 (95%CI 1.223, 17.400) P=0.024), compared to
those with a normal blood pressure. Diabetes
prevalence among HIV patients in Uganda is high
compared to what is reported in the general population.
Body Mass Index (BMI), Use of Second Line drugs and
Hypertension were found to be the factors associated
with diabetes among HIV patients on ART.
Keywords : Diabetes, Uganda, Antiretroviral Therapy, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Fasting Blood Sugar, Mulago National Hospital.