This study was undertaken to determine the
difficulties in Basic Mathematics I of the First Year
Education Students in the Polytechnic State College of
Antique during second semester, academic year 2004-
The subjects of the study were 203 first year
Bachelor of Secondary Education and Bachelor students
of the Polytechnic State College of Antique main campus
and Tario-Lim Ruiz campus who were officially enrolled
during the second semester of the school year 2004-2005.
This descriptive research utilized the researcher made
achievement test in Basic Mathematics I as basis of the
study. The statistical tools used were the frequency count,
percentage, Pearson r, Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test, and
Spearman brown. The alpha level was set at 0.05 in a twotailed test.
The findings of the investigation revealed that the
first year teacher education students had difficulties along
following areas of Mathematics I: a) Exponents and
Radicals, b) Area and Volume, c) Fractions, d)
Percentage, e) Ratio and Proportions, f) Integers, and g)
Measurement and Scientific Notation.
The modules that were developed are effective in
terms of improving students’ performance.
In the light of these findings, mathematics
instruction especially in Basic Mathematics I in the
college must be strengthened on the areas of: Exponents
and Radicals, Measurement and Scientific Notation, Area
and Volume, Percentage, Ratio and Proportions,
Fractions, and Integers that would help in meeting
students’ difficulty. Likewise, remedial teaching should
be adopted as integral part of the program in Basic
Mathematics I, Moreover, a committee composed of
experts and authorities in teaching mathematics should be
formed to help construct the modules on the different
areas which will be used in remedial teaching program.
Keywords : Basic Mathematics, Teacher Education Students, Development of Modules