Effects of Non-Pharmacological Methods on Reduction Labor Pain among Primiparous Women: A Review

Authors : Isabel Lawot; Dr. Pawan Kumar Sharma

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 7 - July

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3TmGbDi

Scribd : https://tinyurl.com/m54v6rsm

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8214762

Introduction: Childbirth pain is among the most severe pains in humankind in terms of severity, and it is a common and unavoidable experience. It is a worldwide problem to make childbirth easier. Numerous non- pharmacological methods have been developed to manage labor pain, enhance delivery, and increase pregnant women's comfort. Objectives: to examine the literature in order to assess the effectiveness of non-pharmacological methods in relieving labor pain. Methods: A comprehensive review of published literature and journal articles from PubMed, Medline, EBSCO, Cochrane and Epistemonikos, and Google Scholar databases was done by following a specific search strategy for each database. Initial 200 titles were retrieved and after screening 10 articles were selected for a full test screening. Finally, 10 articles were selected based on the inclusion criteria. Results: Parturient mothers who utilized non-pharmacological methods for managing labor pain, such as birthing ball exercise, back massage, cold application to the sacral area, reflexology, and heat packs during the initial stage of labor, reported a reduction in the intensity of pain. The findings demonstrated a statistically significant distinction between the pain levels of the two groups. Conclusion: Based on the findings, it can be inferred that the studies have consistently demonstrated the safety and reliability of non-pharmacological methods in relieving labor pain.

Keywords : Non-pharmacological, Reflexology, Heat Cold Massage Therapy.


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31 - December - 2023

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