Epidemiological Investigation, Prevalence & Antibiogram Study of Potential Zoonotic Bacterial Pathogens of Household Pets at Dinajpur District of Bangladesh

Authors : Samina Akter; Dr. Md. Atiqul Haque; Israt Jahan

Volume/Issue : Volume 5 - 2020, Issue 8 - August

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/32wbNxG

DOI : 10.38124/IJISRT20AUG795

A cross sectional experimental study was conducted to ascertain the prevalence of potential zoonotic bacterial pathogen in household pet animals (dog, cat and rabbit). The study was done in selected areas of Dinajpur district during the period of July 2016 to June 2017. A total of 79 pet animals comprising of 50 (63.29%) dogs; 10 (12.66%) cats and 19 (24.05%) rabbits were observed and samples were collected considering different socio demographic variable. The organisms were isolated by using standard microbiological techniques. A total of 404 samples were examined and 7 isolates of potential zoonotic bacterial pathogens were isolated in pet animals. The overall prevalence of zoonotic pathogens in dogs out of 250 samples, was 15.2% E. coli; 10.8% Klebsiella spp; 12% Salmonella spp; 8% Proteus spp; 8.8% Pseudomonas spp; 12% Staphylococcus spp; 10.4% Streptococcus spp respectively. The overall prevalence of zoonotic pathogens in cats out of 40 samples was 17.5% E.coli; 10% Klebsiella spp; 12.5% Salmonella spp; 10% Proteus spp; 10% Pseudomonas spp; 15% Staphylococcus spp; 15% Streptococcus spp respectively. The overall prevalence of zoonotic pathogens in rabbits was 12.28% E.coli; 7.89% Klebsiella spp; 9.65% Salmonella spp; 4.38% Proteus spp; 1.75% Pseudomonas spp; 6.14% Staphylococcus spp; 6.14% Streptococcus spp respectively. The prevalence of bacterial zoonotic pathogen between pet animals and housing system, hygienic condition, vaccination were statistically significant (P≤ 0.01). On the other hand the prevalence of bacterial zoonotic pathogen between pet animals and age, sex, breed, body weight, diet, educational status of pet owners were not statistically significant (P> 0.05). On antibiogram study 18 antibiotics were used for antimicrobial sensitivity test. Gram negative isolates were more sensitive against Chloramphenicol, Cephalexin, Gentamycin and Kanamycin. On the other hand gram positive isolates were more sensitive against Azithromycin, Levofloxacin, Colistin and Gentamycin. The isolates were highly resistant against Amoxycillin, Bacitracin, Penicillin and Vancomycin

Keywords : Zoonotic Discease, Zoonotic Bacterial Pathogens, Statistically Study, Antibiogram Study


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