Esp-32 Based Smart Chasing System for Crop Raiding Animals


Authors : Ateeq Ahmed Y; Dr. Anil Kumar C

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 10 - October

Google Scholar : https://tinyurl.com/bddpfz9c

Scribd : https://tinyurl.com/55hf8kem

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10042939

Abstract : Indian Farmers contributes around 15 percent in the nation’s economy as indicated by the current GDP report, and Farming provides more than 45 percent employment opportunities to citizens. Our farmers even in this globalization period are suffering from poor income because they are not getting according to their expectations, due to many factors like unfavourable weather, various crop disease, monsoon failure, unavailability of necessary timely guidance and fertilizers etc. among them one of the major reasons of poor income is the damage of ready to sell crop by rogue, ravaging crop raiding animals both domestic and nondomestic especially in areas near forest zone or hill top. As reported frequently in many periodicals from various parts of the country, Farmers are spending their nights restlessly in their farms to guard the yield from ravaging animals. Even though government sanctions compensations to the aggrieved farmers, it is not meeting the expectation of farmers as some times the gap between actual loss and sanctioned amount is very big. Therefore, many farmers take an extreme steps of illegal high power electric fencing around their farms, due to which many lives endangering instances are reported in newspapers both of ignorant humans and crop raiding animals. To answer all this serious problem faced by our farmers I have proposed this model which is not just a prototype solution to be experimented in a laboratory (using small range sensors like IR, PIR, ultrasonic sensors.) but it is a real field implementable model powered by solar power supply to be able operate without interruption in remote areas which either has no access or poor access to the traditional power supply. This proposed model is based on ESP32 a very promising, advanced microcontroller. In this proposed solution I have used the various high pitch audios to scare away the crop raiding animals without harming them. Here I have also used the fog lights to repel the nocturnal animals in night time.

Keywords : Indian Farmers ; GDP; Crop Raiding Animals; PIR ; Ultra Sonic Sensor; ESP32

Indian Farmers contributes around 15 percent in the nation’s economy as indicated by the current GDP report, and Farming provides more than 45 percent employment opportunities to citizens. Our farmers even in this globalization period are suffering from poor income because they are not getting according to their expectations, due to many factors like unfavourable weather, various crop disease, monsoon failure, unavailability of necessary timely guidance and fertilizers etc. among them one of the major reasons of poor income is the damage of ready to sell crop by rogue, ravaging crop raiding animals both domestic and nondomestic especially in areas near forest zone or hill top. As reported frequently in many periodicals from various parts of the country, Farmers are spending their nights restlessly in their farms to guard the yield from ravaging animals. Even though government sanctions compensations to the aggrieved farmers, it is not meeting the expectation of farmers as some times the gap between actual loss and sanctioned amount is very big. Therefore, many farmers take an extreme steps of illegal high power electric fencing around their farms, due to which many lives endangering instances are reported in newspapers both of ignorant humans and crop raiding animals. To answer all this serious problem faced by our farmers I have proposed this model which is not just a prototype solution to be experimented in a laboratory (using small range sensors like IR, PIR, ultrasonic sensors.) but it is a real field implementable model powered by solar power supply to be able operate without interruption in remote areas which either has no access or poor access to the traditional power supply. This proposed model is based on ESP32 a very promising, advanced microcontroller. In this proposed solution I have used the various high pitch audios to scare away the crop raiding animals without harming them. Here I have also used the fog lights to repel the nocturnal animals in night time.

Keywords : Indian Farmers ; GDP; Crop Raiding Animals; PIR ; Ultra Sonic Sensor; ESP32

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