Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is an
aquatic weed which proliferates rapidly in lakes and
rivers. The rapid growth and spread of water hyacinth
has been a great concern worldwide. In Mauritius, it
covers an approximate area of 13.67 km² throughout the
island. The biodegradability, antibacterial and antifungal
activity of water hyacinth’s leaves, stalks and roots were
studied to explore it’s potential as a raw material for
product development. The inoculums Trichoderma viride,
Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae and
Aspergillus niger were used for testing. The
biodegradability test was conducted with enzyme
cellulase from Trichoderma viride using the enzymatic
method. The biodegradation levels were determined by
computing the percentage weight loss after thirty days.
The antibacterial test was performed with the test
inoculums Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella
pneumoniae. Aspergillus niger derived from ATCC 6275
was used for the antifungal test. The results of the tests
provide promising prospect for advancing into the
development of ecologically friendly products.
Keywords : Water hyacinth, Biodegradability, Antibacterial, Antifungal.