Evaluation of Pearl Millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.] Accessions in Karoi and Hwedza, Zimbabwe

Authors : Everton Jaison; Dr. Kennedy Simango

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 7 - July

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3TmGbDi

Scribd : https://tinyurl.com/3y8wuzza

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8203023

The research evaluated and characterized the pearl millet accessions in Hwedza and Karoi areas in Zimbabwe. The research was carried out in a field trial alpha lattice design. The pearl millet accessions were planted and the notes recording were done on every stage of growth up to yield weighing. Combined analysis of variance showed that the location had an influence on days to emergence, plant stand (%), number of productive heads, spike girth and stem thickness. However, location had non-significant difference on one thousand grain weight, spike length, plant height, and number of tillers, number of nodes, days to mature and days to flower. Genotype by environment interactions had significant effects (p<0.05) on all traits except the number of nodes. There was significance difference in weight per 1000 seeds of the accessions IP 16363 (9.75g), IP 16543 (9.165g), IP 11258 (8.835 g), IP 16447 (8.415 g) and IP 16406 (8 g) noted during the analysis. Among IP 7377 from Tanzania, IP 8753 and IP 8770 from Botswana, had significant difference in yields. Genotypes with bristles for protection against bird attack had significant difference versus those accessions attacked by birds. Yield aspect, adaptation and ability to chock the birds’ eyes to protect seeds were the key areas considered for recommendations to the farmers.

Keywords : Accession, Adaptation, Pearl Millet, Yield.


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31 - December - 2023

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