Headaches are a common complaint among
patients seeking care in eye outpatient departments
(OPDs). This study aimed to investigate the gender
distribution, age distribution, occupational characteristics,
ocular and systemic causes, and symptom duration among
patients presenting with headaches in an eye OPD setting.
A comprehensive analysis of patient data from this
population provides valuable insights into the
epidemiology and clinical characteristics of these cases.
Objective: This study's primary objective was to look into
the demographics and clinical characteristics of patients
who visited an eye OPD complaining of headaches. We
aimed to specifically: Determine the gender distribution of
the patients. Look into the age range of the patients. Look
into the job history of the patient group. Analyze the
distribution of the causes of ocular and systemic
headaches. Examine how long the patient claims to have
had the symptoms.
Methods: after approval by the ethics committee over a
predetermined time, patient information from an eye OPD
Data analysis: The percentages for gender, age,
occupation, ocular causes, systemic causes, and symptom
duration were calculated from the dataset.
Statistical Analysis: The results were presented and
summarized using spss 24 ver. descriptive statistics, such
Result: Gender Distribution: About 78% of the patients
were female, whereas 22% were male. Age Distribution:
Adolescents and young adults made up the bulk of patients
(22.4%), who were in the 10 to 19 age range. Occupational
Characteristics: "Housewives" made up 45.6% of cases,
with "School Students" (32.0%) and "Madrasa Students"
(10.0%) also being common. Ocular Causes: "Myopic"
disorders (48.0%) and "Hypermetropia" (24.8%) was the
most prevalent. Systemic Causes: The two most prevalent
systemic causes were "Systemic Hypertension" (28.8%)
and "Ear & Sinus Disorder" (21.6%). The plurality
(39.2%) of people reported having symptoms for 0–1
months, whereas only a small percentage (0.8%) said they
experienced them for more than 12 years.
Conclusion: Young adults and women are more likely to
seek medical attention for headaches. Myopia in particular
is a major contributing factor in these cases. Notable
systemic causes include ear, sinus, and systemic
hypertension. Since the majority of patients report
recently developing symptoms, it is critical to identify and
treat patients with these conditions as soon as possible.
Keywords : Students, Headache, Hypertension, Pregnancy, Myopia