Exploring the Etiological Spectrum of Headaches in Patients Seeking Care at an Ophthalmology Outpatient Department


Authors : Dr. Muhammad Bilal; Dr. Shafqat Ali Shah; Dr. Muhammad Tariq; Dr. Farhat Rehman; Dr. Kaleemullah; Dr. Ammad Ali; Dr. Ahsan Ali

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 11 - November

Google Scholar : https://tinyurl.com/36vmxbfw

Scribd : https://tinyurl.com/yfhv76h6

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10112954

Headaches are a common complaint among patients seeking care in eye outpatient departments (OPDs). This study aimed to investigate the gender distribution, age distribution, occupational characteristics, ocular and systemic causes, and symptom duration among patients presenting with headaches in an eye OPD setting. A comprehensive analysis of patient data from this population provides valuable insights into the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of these cases. Objective: This study's primary objective was to look into the demographics and clinical characteristics of patients who visited an eye OPD complaining of headaches. We aimed to specifically: Determine the gender distribution of the patients. Look into the age range of the patients. Look into the job history of the patient group. Analyze the distribution of the causes of ocular and systemic headaches. Examine how long the patient claims to have had the symptoms. Methods: after approval by the ethics committee over a predetermined time, patient information from an eye OPD was gathered. Data analysis: The percentages for gender, age, occupation, ocular causes, systemic causes, and symptom duration were calculated from the dataset. Statistical Analysis: The results were presented and summarized using spss 24 ver. descriptive statistics, such as percentages. Result: Gender Distribution: About 78% of the patients were female, whereas 22% were male. Age Distribution: Adolescents and young adults made up the bulk of patients (22.4%), who were in the 10 to 19 age range. Occupational Characteristics: "Housewives" made up 45.6% of cases, with "School Students" (32.0%) and "Madrasa Students" (10.0%) also being common. Ocular Causes: "Myopic" disorders (48.0%) and "Hypermetropia" (24.8%) was the most prevalent. Systemic Causes: The two most prevalent systemic causes were "Systemic Hypertension" (28.8%) and "Ear & Sinus Disorder" (21.6%). The plurality (39.2%) of people reported having symptoms for 0–1 months, whereas only a small percentage (0.8%) said they experienced them for more than 12 years. Conclusion: Young adults and women are more likely to seek medical attention for headaches. Myopia in particular is a major contributing factor in these cases. Notable systemic causes include ear, sinus, and systemic hypertension. Since the majority of patients report recently developing symptoms, it is critical to identify and treat patients with these conditions as soon as possible.

Keywords : Students, Headache, Hypertension, Pregnancy, Myopia

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