This study determined the problems
encountered and the effect of flexible learning to the
Criminology students of the Data Center College of the
Philippines of Laoag City Inc.
The study employed the descriptive method of
research utilizing an online questionnaire. A total of 225
Criminology students were taken as respondents.
Percentage and frequency was used to analyze the
demographic profile of the respondents and weighted
mean was used to determine the problems encountered by
the students, their coping mechanisms and the effect of
flexible learning to their finances, psychological and
Results show that the age of the criminology students
of DCCP Laoag City Inc. ranges from 20 to 27 years old
with a mean of 20 years old. Majority of the respondents
are male (57.33%). In terms of type of locality, majority
(61.77%) are from the rural area and 38.22 % of them
lives in the urban area. Almost all respondents (72.90%),
in terms of social class, belong to the poor classification
based on PDIS 2018 tool.
The criminology students are experiencing various
difficulties in the adaptation of flexible learning
particularly in the online learning and modular learning.
In the online learning, the most pressing problems are:
having weak signal, not good internet connection and
problems accessing the computer/gadget for online
learning. Whereas in the modular learning the following
problems prevailed: module is hard to understand and
needs teacher’s guidance, and tasks need to be done
should be with teacher’s intervention.
Coping mechanisms of the Criminology students
towards problems encountered in the flexible learning.
The criminology students, despite of the problems
encountered were able to cope up with the lessons in the
flexible learning. In the online learning, Criminology
students when not motivated tends to think of their future
and sacrifices of their families. In addition, students with
internet problems at home tend to look for a place with
strong signal or they go to computer shops just to attend
their classes. In the Modular Learning, Criminology
students do time-management to accomplish all the tasks
given to them, they also engage in physical activities to
make them focused on their studies, in addition they also
created a study place to do their tasks.
Effects of Flexible learning to the Criminology
students to their financial, psychological and academic
performance. The results showed that the flexible learning
affected the students financially and psychologically,
however their academic performance is not that affected.
Based on the findings, it is therefore recommended
that: the DCCP management to consider the issues and
problems faced by the students in flexible learning, such
as internet connectivity, computer literacy and teacherstudent relationship should be improved; the students
having weak internet connectivity should tap local
government units, the school administrator and other
agencies that can render help into their problems; for the
teacher to be more considerate towards their students’
situation; For the conduct of flexible learning: (1) in the
Keywords : Flexible Learning, Criminology Studet, Modular Learning, Online Learning