Food Habits and Nutritional Status of School Children in Three Medersa Primary Schools in Niamey, Niger


Authors : Oumarou Issoufou Nana Aichatou; Sani Maazou Mahamane Sabiou; Sabo Haoua Seini; Moussa Abdou Ousseini

Volume/Issue : Volume 8 - 2023, Issue 1 - January

Google Scholar : https://bit.ly/3IIfn9N

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3l8GSmx

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7602885

A good diet must be balanced, varied, healthy and sufficient for a child's cognitive development. Unfortunately, Niger still has the highest school dropout rates and undernutrition rates that exceed WHO standards. The objective of this study is to investigate the correlation between the nutritional status of school children and their diet in Niamey, the capital of Niger. The study was conducted on a sample of 381 pupils aged 6 to 15 years enrolled in three primary schools in Niamey. The study included data on anthropometric measurements, dietary habits and the socio-demographic level of the children. BMI tables for children and adolescents aged 5-18 years were used to assess the nutritional status of the children. Statistical results were performed using Excel and SPSS. According to these results, the overall prevalence of underweight was 17.06%, overweight was 6.82% and obesity was 2.10%. A significant relationship was observed between the female gender and nutritional status (P=0.009) and between the age range 9-11 years and nutritional status (P=0.0001)

Keywords : Food Habits, Nutritional Status, Children, School Age, Niamey, Niger

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