Foreign Policy of Independent India

Authors : Saroj Kumar Timalsina

Volume/Issue : Volume 4 - 2019, Issue 12 - December

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This article titled “Foreign policy of Independent India”is based on the reflections of Indian foreign policy adopted after independency .Foreign policy principles of India are panchasheela , NAM, respect to international law, respect to UN, regionalism (SAARC, BIMSTIC) but in terms of foreign policy practice India is dominating towards its immediate neighbors but bowing towards powerful nations .  Objectives of the Study: Broadly, this article has made its objective to study the overall Indian foreign policy but specially, India’s foreign policy of independent India and to find out its dual role in terms of implementation contradiction is focused.  Methodology of Study: This study is carried out on the basis of available resources i.e. books, journals, newspapers, interviews of scholarly people broadcasted and published, online materials, internet articles and so on. It means descriptive method of study is mainly applied while conducting this research.  Limitation of Study: This study is limited on Indian foreign policy since 1950-2019 A. D. The article has defined basic principles of Indian foreign policy as well as it has described the Indian foreign policy under Prime Minister Nehru (1947 - 63), Lal Bahadur Shastri (1964 – 66), Mrs. Indira Gandi (1967 – 76), Morarji Desai (1977 – 1980), Mrs. Indira Gandi (1980 – 84), Rajeev Gandi (1984 – 1989), VP. Singh (1989 – 1991), P.V. Narsimha Rao (1991 – 1996), H.D. DeveGowda (1996 – 1997), I.K. Gajral (1997 – 1998), Atal Behari Bajapayee (1998 – 2004), Dr. Man Mohan Singh (2004 – 2014), Narendra Modi 2014 onwards are referred here.

Keywords : Foreign Policy, Panchasheela, Non-Alignment, National Interest, Security Perspective.


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