Formal versus Informal Skills Training in Ghana

Authors : Stephen Kwame Armah

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 8 - August

Scribd :

The study examines formal and informal skills training in Ghana. The study was conducted using a descriptive study approach. The study was conducted among teachers and students from three related departments; The Departments are Diesel and HeavyDuty Mechanics, Motor Vehicle Mechanics and Electrical Installation of the Kumasi Technical Institute and apprentices and their master craftsmen of selected Informal Apprenticeship Training Centres (IATC), in Suame Magazine. A total of 24 tutors and 15 craftsmen were selected through purposive sampling. In the case of the students' and apprentices, a total of 50 students as well as 50 apprentices were drawn through the disproportionate stratified random sampling technique. More so, 38 graduates from the formal sector, who offered one of the three programme captured as well as 32 of their counterparts from the informal sector were also included in this study. The study adopted the use of questionnaire and interview approach to capture data from respondents. Findings from the study revealed that both graduates of the formal and informal apprenticeship maiming agreed that their programme motivated them to learn skills related to their jobs. The greatest difference between the two programmes was their satisfaction with their ‘hands-on’ experience during the period of their training. This study therefore recommends future study to be done on the direct involvement of industry in the selection of skill training methods, to improve skill training in Ghana.

Keywords : Apprenticeship, Technical Vocational Education, Master craftsmen, Training, formal and informal.


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