Gender Inequality in the Light of Child Sex Ratio in India and Haryana


Authors : Surender Kumar

Volume/Issue : Volume 6 - 2021, Issue 6 - June

Google Scholar : http://bitly.ws/9nMw

Scribd : https://bit.ly/3vV7aIK

The gender balance in the entire population, as well as in various age groups, has significant impact on the socio-economic condition including both present and in the future. The child sex ratio is an important social indicator that measures the respective status of males and females in a community on how they are treated in terms of equal status and greatly defines the future population composition. Changes in the sex ratio reflect the underlying socio-economic and cultural tendencies in a community. It has an impact on not only the demographic process but also the socioeconomic relationships within the community. The aim of this research is to better understand the spatio-temporal variance in total child sex ratio in India and Haryana. Census of India and Haryana Statistical Abstract data were used to analyze challenges, causes, trends and declining child sex ratios. Haryana has one of the lowest total sex ratios and child sex ratios in the country, and has seen a steady decline from 1991 to 2001, with some signs of improvement in 2011. Haryana's child sex ratio is much lower than the national average, and not a single district in the state has a child sex ratio that is higher than the national average which is a matter of serious concern.

Keywords : Gender Inequality, Sex Ratio, Child Sex Ratio, Haryana and India.

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